Ghana has initiated an ambitious Reproductive, Parental, Infant, Child and Adolescent Health and Nutrition (RMNCAHN) Strategic Strategy aimed at ensuring expanded and equal access to high quality RMNCAHN services for everyone by 2030.
The five-year RMNCAHN prioritized strategic plan offers strategic guidance for health and related non health stakeholders towards ending preventable deaths of mothers, newborns, children and teenagers and maintaining their health and welfare
It is also linked with the global strategy for women, children and adolescents’ health (2016-2030) and aims at an environment in which women, children and youth in any sense understand their right to health and welfare, and are able to play a full part in shaping stable and healthy society. It is also a global strategy for women, children and adolescents (2016-2030).Nonetheless, Ghana has lowered the numbers of mothers who die from pregnancy related causes from 378 to 310 for every 100,000 live births over the past decade and according to the Maternal Health Survey reports of 2007 and 2017.
Mortality from under 52 per 1,000 live births was lowered from 82 to 52. Child death has declined from 50 to 37 per 1,000 live births. Newborn deaths reduced from 29 to 25 out of 1000 live births. And the slowdown fell from 6.8% to 4.8%.
Although every 1000 children who are born live in Ghana are advancing, 52 die from birth to fifth birthday, 37 do not live for their first birthday, while 25 die from birth to twenty eight days. In the first hour of birth about half of newborns have to breastfeed and only four children under the age of ten will have to breastfeed completely for about all five children under 5 years of age.
In the course of the century, the country has evolved a range of strategies for the different components of RMNCAHN to intensify efforts to reduce these relatively high rates:
• National Reproductive Health Service policy and standards – 2014
• National Newborn Health Strategy and action plan (2019 – 2023)
• National Adolescent Health Service policy and strategy (2016 – 2020)
• Ghana Family Planning Costed Implementation Plan (2016 – 2020)
• National Child Health Policy and Strategy (2017 – 2025)
• National Nutrition Policy – 2017
A co-ordinated initiative aimed at modifying and executing the Global Strategy for Women, Children and Adolescent Health to achieve the SDGs, particularly Target 3, became important with many strategic documents to achieve similar objectives. Progress has been achieved for the first time in combining diverse health and diet methods.
The strategic plan of RAMS was formed with assistance from WHO, H6, and UNICEF, UN Women, UNAIDS, and the World Bank Community to promote the Global Policy on Each Woman. The collaboration develops mutual strengths from the WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF.